3. Aug. Niki Lauda ist ein Institution in der Formel 1. Sein Unfall und seine unglaubliche Rückkehr machten ihn zur Legende. Mit den Folgen des. 1. Aug. Bild. Nach seinem Unfall: Niki Lauda im Jahr bild: imago Niki Lauda dominiert als Weltmeister die FormelSaison. Doch beim GP auf. 2. Aug. Niki Lauda überlebte einen der spektakulärsten Unfälle der Deutschland Motorsport Nürburgring Niki Lauda Unfall
Nikki Lauda Unfall VideoNiki Lauda und seine Lebensretter (40 Jahre nach Nürburgring-Unfall)
By the time of his fifth win of the year at the British GP , he had more than double the points of his closest challengers Jody Scheckter and James Hunt , and a second consecutive World Championship appeared a formality.
He also looked set to win the most races in a season, a record held by the late Jim Clark since Most of the other drivers voted against the boycott and the race went ahead.
Unlike Lunger, Lauda was trapped in the wreckage. Drivers Arturo Merzario , Lunger, Guy Edwards and Harald Ertl arrived at the scene a few moments later, but before they were able to pull Lauda from his car, he suffered severe burns to his head and inhaled hot toxic gases that damaged his lungs and blood.
As Lauda was wearing a modified helmet, the foam had compressed and it slid off his head after the accident, leaving his face exposed to the fire.
Lauda suffered extensive scarring from the burns to his head, losing most of his right ear as well as the hair on the right side of his head, his eyebrows and his eyelids.
He chose to limit reconstructive surgery to replacing the eyelids and getting them to work properly. Since the accident he has always worn a cap to cover the scars on his head.
He has arranged for sponsors to use the cap for advertising. With Lauda out of the contest, Carlos Reutemann was taken on as his replacement.
Lauda missed only two races, appearing at the Monza press conference six weeks after the accident with his fresh burns still bandaged. He finished fourth in the Italian GP , despite being, by his own admission, absolutely petrified.
F1 journalist Nigel Roebuck recalls seeing Lauda in the pits, peeling the blood-soaked bandages off his scarred scalp.
He also had to wear a specially adapted crash helmet so as to not be in too much discomfort. Hunt and Lauda were friends away from the circuit, and their personal on-track rivalry, while intense, was cleanly contested and fair.
Lauda qualified third, one place behind Hunt, but on race day there was torrential rain and Lauda retired after two laps.
He later said that he felt it was unsafe to continue under these conditions, especially since his eyes were watering excessively because of his fire-damaged tear ducts and inability to blink.
Hunt led much of the race before his tires blistered and a pit stop dropped him down the order. He recovered to third, thus winning the title by a single point.
Lauda disliked his new teammate, Reutemann, who had served as his replacement driver. Lauda was not comfortable with this move and felt he had been let down by Ferrari.
It suffered from a variety of troubles that forced Lauda to retire the car 9 out of 14 races. As the Alfa flat engine was too wide for effective wing cars designs, Alfa provided a V12 for It was the fourth 12cyl engine design that propelled the Austrian in F1 since After that, Brabham returned to the familiar Cosworth V8.
In late September, during practice for the Canadian Grand Prix , Lauda informed Brabham that he wished to retire immediately, as he had no more desire to "drive around in circles".
Lauda, who in the meantime had founded Lauda Air, a charter airline, returned to Austria to run the company full-time.
In Lauda returned to racing. After a successful test with McLaren , the only problem was in convincing then team sponsor Marlboro that he was still capable of winning.
Lauda proved he was when, in his third race back, he won the Long Beach Grand Prix. The drivers, with the exception of Teo Fabi , barricaded themselves in a banqueting suite at Sunnyside Park Hotel until they had won the day.
Some political maneuvering by Lauda forced a furious chief designer John Barnard to design an interim car earlier than expected to get the TAG-Porsche engine some much needed race testing; Lauda nearly won the last race of the season in South Africa.
Lauda won a third world championship in by half a point over teammate Alain Prost , due only to half points being awarded for the shortened Monaco Grand Prix.
Initially, Lauda did not want Prost to become his teammate, as he presented a much faster rival. However, during the two seasons together, they had a good relationship and Lauda later said that beating the talented Frenchman was a big motivator for him.
Lauda won five races, while Prost won seven. However, Lauda, who set a record for the most pole positions in a season during the season, rarely matched his teammate in qualifying.
His second place was a lucky one though as Nigel Mansell was in second for much of the race. However, as it was his last race with Lotus before joining Williams in , Lotus boss Peter Warr refused to give Mansell the brakes he wanted for his car and the Englishman retired with brake failure on lap After announcing his impending retirement at the Austrian Grand Prix , he retired for good at the end of that season.
After qualifying 16th, a steady drive saw him leading by lap In Lauda returned to Formula One in a managerial position when Luca di Montezemolo offered him a consulting role at Ferrari.
Halfway through the season Lauda assumed the role of team principal of the Jaguar Formula One team. The team, however, failed to improve and Lauda was made redundant, together with 70 other key figures, at the end of In , upon his return to McLaren, his helmet was white and featured the red "L" logo of Lauda Air instead of his name on both sides, complete with branding from his personal sponsor Parmalat on the top.
From —, the red and white were reversed to evoke memories of his earlier helmet design. Lauda returned to running his airline, Lauda Air , on his second Formula One retirement in During his time as airline manager, he was appointed consultant at Ferrari as part of an effort by Montezemolo to rejuvenate the team.
In late , he started a new airline, Niki. He was, however, criticized for calling Robert Kubica a "polacke" an ethnic slur for Polish people. It happened on air in May at the Monaco Grand Prix.
Niki Lauda has written five books: Lauda is sometimes known by the nickname "the rat", "SuperRat" or "King Rat" because of his prominent buck teeth.
He has been associated with both Parmalat and Viessmann , sponsoring the ever-present cap he has worn since to hide the severe burns he sustained in his Nurburgring accident.
In the Austrian post office issued a stamp honouring him. By mid-summer he had won five races and seemed a shoo-in to repeat as champion. Then came the German Grand Prix at the desperately dangerous Nurburgring.
Four brave drivers and a marshal plunged into the towering inferno and hauled out the smouldering body. In hospital, with first to third degree burns on his head and wrists, several broken bones and lungs scorched from inhaling toxic fumes, Niki Lauda was given up for dead and administered the last rites by a priest.
Six weeks later, with blood seeping from the bandages on his head, he finished fourth in the Italian Grand Prix. Astonished doctors said he had recovered by sheer force of will.
Jackie Stewart said it was the most courageous comeback in the history of sport. Niki said the loss of half an ear made it easier to use the telephone.
In consideration of those who found his facial disfigurement unsightly he thereafter wore a red baseball cap, hiring it out to a sponsor for a hefty fee.
Niki Lauda chats with Ferrari team mate Clay Regazzoni ahead of the German Grand Prix which would see the Austrian crash on lap 2 with near-fatal consequences.
Niki Lauda famously withdrew his Ferrari T2 from the terrible wet race conditions at the end of the second lap relinquishing his championship lead in the final race of the season, the Japanese Grand Prix.
After falling out with Ferrari, Niki Lauda moved to Brabham for the season. Lauda would take the world championship by just half a point from Prost.
In Italy some called him a coward. Even Enzo Ferrari had doubts and made plans to replace him, a reaction that angered Niki and made his winning the driving title a form of revenge.
Having clinched the championship with two races remaining, Niki decided to skip them and told Ferrari he was leaving.
In his season with Brabham Niki won twice and finished fourth in the championship. The next year, in an uncompetitive car, he had scored only four points prior to the penultimate race, in Canada.
There, after the first practice session, he walked away from Formula One racing, saying he was "tired of driving around in circles" and would now start his own airline.
Lauda Air, with its proprietor serving as one of the pilots, grew to the point that further progress would require more capital, in pursuit of which Niki returned to his previous profession.
In his negotiations Niki told the McLaren money men he was only charging one dollar for his services as a driver - all the rest was for his personality.
In he won his third driving title, albeit by the slimmest of margins from his brilliant young McLaren team mate Alain Prost.
Niki won a final Grand Prix in then retired from the sport for good as a driver, though he never really left the paddock.
He worked as an adviser for Ferrari, served as a Jaguar team principal and became a television commentator - a role for which he was uniquely qualified to provide insights into the highs and lows of the sport he was lucky to survive and brilliant enough to conquer.
Text - Gerald Donaldson.
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