sorority Bedeutung, Definition sorority: 1. a social organization for female students at some US colleges 2. a social organization for female students at a college. Übersetzung im Kontext von „sorority girl“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: I'm hanging out with a sorority girl. Die Fraternities und Sororities sind Studentenverbindungen in der angloamerikanischen in einem anderen Spannungsfeld als entsprechende deutsche Verbindungen, was sich wiederum auf das Publikum auswirkt, das sie anziehen. Tri-Crown Emcee Matt Quasar gaming.com Retrieved wetten dass ganze folge March The McMillan Company, p. George Mason University Spiele angebote Council. Sorority - definition of sorority by The Free Dictionary https: Full Cast and Crew. The Small Geldspielautomaten online spielen Challenges". Webarchive template wayback links Pages with login required references or sources All accuracy disputes Articles with challenger tennis statements from October All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles with trivia sections from October Often fraternities and sorority houses called lodges or chapter houses are located on the same street or in close quarters within the same neighborhood, which may be colloquially known as "Greek row" or "frat row". University Associates of Canada. Sexual assault on campus: The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol.
A modern retelling of Snow White set against students in their freshman year of college in the greek system. A rebellious Malibu princess is shipped off to a strict English boarding school by her father.
Southern California high school senior Carson arrives at the all-important "Cheer Camp Nationals" determined to lead her squad, the West High Sharks, to victory.
But chic New Yorker Brooke A transfer student to a rough high school tries joining the cheer-leading squad and she not only faces off against the head cheerleader, but against her former school in preparation for a cheer-off competition.
Lina Cruz is a tough, sharp-witted Latina cheerleader from East L. Manhattanite Ashley is known to many as the luckiest woman around. They enter college together, where Katie is a prized legacy candidate for the Delta sorority, which was co-founded decades ago by her mother, Lutie Courtney Thorne-Smith and Summer Faith Ford , whose own daughter Gwen Amanda Schull now leads the Deltas on campus.
Events occur during pledge week to cause a rift between Katie and the Deltas, which leaves Sara as a Delta pledge and Katie out in the cold.
Katie joins the rival Kappa sorority, and the rivalry splits not just Katie and Sara, but extends all the way into the Delta alumnae association led by Lutie and Summer.
The writing is sharp and well-developed, advancing the story, sometimes in humorous ways. The movie explores revenge and spiteful treatment of those ostracized by the college Greek system.
One of the most important elements deals with parental influence as freshmen attempt to establish themselves as independent individuals.
Failing is often a major part of succeeding, and determines what group peer pressure elements are acceptable. The last reason this film is excellent is Lucy Hale.
Plus, we hear why more than one celeb wants to be snowed in with Idris Elba. See our favorite Sundance moments. Start your free trial.
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Full Cast and Crew. They enter college together, where Katie is a prized legacy candidate for the Delta sorority, which was Share this Rating Title: Sorority Wars TV Movie 5.
Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. By there were 42 fraternity and sorority chapters at the University of Toronto and of 23 at McGill University.
The arrival of the fraternity system in Asia accompanied the introduction of the American educational system in the Philippines.
The first fraternities were established in the University of the Philippines. The first Greek-letter organization and fraternity in Asia, the Upsilon Sigma Phi , was founded in Many early fraternities made reference to Christian principles or to a Supreme Being in general, as is characteristic of fraternal orders.
Due to their exclusion from Christian fraternities in the United States, Jewish students began to establish their own fraternities in the period of and , with the first one being Zeta Beta Tau Although many of the religion-specific requirements for many fraternities and sororities have been relaxed or removed, there are some today that continue to rally around their faith as a focal point, such as Beta Upsilon Chi and Sigma Alpha Omega Numerous Greek organizations in the past have enacted formal and informal prohibitions on pledging individuals of different races and cultural backgrounds.
While these limitations have since been abolished by both the Interfraternity Conference and the National Pan-Hellenic Council , students of various ethnicities have come together to form a council of multicultural Greek organizations.
The Multicultural Greek Council, officially formed in , is a coordinating body of 19 Greek organizations, including nine fraternities, and ten sororities with cultural affiliations.
Fraternities and sororities traditionally have been single-sex organizations, with fraternities consisting exclusively of men and sororities consisting exclusively of women.
In the United States, fraternities and sororities enjoy a statutory exemption from Title IX legislation prohibiting this type of gender exclusion within student groups, and organizations such as the Fraternity and Sorority Political Action Committee work to maintain this status quo in federal law.
Since the midth century a small number of fraternities, such as Alpha Theta and Lambda Lambda Lambda , have opted to become co-educational and admit female members.
However, these generally represent a minority of Greek-letter organizations and no such fraternity is currently a member of the North American Interfraternity Conference, the largest international association of fraternities.
These organizations are similar to "social" fraternities and sororities, with the exception of being coed and non-residential.
In , Chi Phi began allowing transgender members, or those identifying as male, to join the social fraternity. Harvard University is on the forefront of this movement with other universities looking to follow.
These federal structures are largely governed by alumni members of the fraternity, though with some input from the active student members.
Most Greek letter organizations select potential members through a two-part process of vetting and probation, called rushing and pledging, respectively.
During rush recruitment , students attend designated social events, and sometimes formal interviews, hosted by the chapters of fraternities and sororities in which they have particular interest.
Usually, after a potential new member has attended several such events, officers or current members meet privately to vote on whether or not to extend an invitation known as a "bid" to the prospective applicant.
Those applicants who receive a bid, and choose to accept it, are considered to have "pledged" the fraternity or sorority, thus beginning the pledge period new member period.
Students participating in rush are known as "rushees" Potential New Members "PNMs" while students who have accepted a bid to a specific fraternity or sorority are known as "new members" or in some cases "pledges".
A new member period may last anywhere from one weekend to several months. During this time new members might participate in almost all aspects of the life of the fraternity or sorority, but most likely not be permitted to hold office in the organization.
At the conclusion of the new member period a second vote of members may sometimes be taken, often, but not always, using a blackball system.
New members who pass this second vote are invited to a formal and secret ritual of initiation into the organization, advancing them to full membership.
Many Greek-letter organizations give preferential consideration for pledging to candidates whose parent or sibling was a member of the same fraternity or sorority.
Such prospective candidates are known as "legacies". Membership in more than one fraternity or sorority is almost always prohibited. Recently, some Greek-letter organizations have replaced the term "pledge" with that of "associate member" or "new member".
Sigma Alpha Epsilon , in , abolished pledging altogether. Potential members are now immediately initiated into the fraternity upon accepting a bid. A single undergraduate fraternity chapter may be composed of anywhere between 20 and more than students, though most have an between 35 to 45 members and pledges.
Often fraternities and sorority houses called lodges or chapter houses are located on the same street or in close quarters within the same neighborhood, which may be colloquially known as "Greek row" or "frat row".
At some, often small, colleges, fraternities and sororities occupy a specific section of university-owned housing provided to them.
Some fraternities and sororities are un-housed, with members providing for their own accommodations. In many of these cases, the fraternity or sorority own or rent a non-residential clubhouse to use for meetings and other activities.
With a few exceptions, most fraternities and sororities are secret societies. While the identity of members or officers is rarely concealed, fraternities and sororities initiate members following the pledge period through sometimes elaborate private rituals, frequently drawn or adopted from Masonic ritual practice or that of the Greek mysteries.
Some fraternities also teach initiates an identity search device used to confirm fellow fraternity members. Julian Hawthorne , the son of Nathaniel Hawthorne , wrote in his posthumously published Memoirs  of his initiation into Delta Kappa Epsilon: I was initiated into a college secret society—a couple of hours of grotesque and good-humored rodomontade and horseplay, in which I cooperated as in a kind of pleasant nightmare, confident, even when branded with a red-hot iron or doused head-over heels in boiling oil,  that it would come out all right.
The neophyte is effectively blindfolded during the proceedings, and at last, still sightless, I was led down flights of steps into a silent crypt, and helped into a coffin, where I was to stay until the Resurrection Thus it was that just as my father passed from this earth, I was lying in a coffin during my initiation into Delta Kappa Epsilon.
Entry into chapter rooms is often prohibited to all but the initiated. In one extreme case, the response of firefighters to a blaze signaled by an automated alarm at the Sigma Phi chapter house at the University of Wisconsin in was hampered in part because fraternity members refused to disclose the location of the hidden chapter room, where the conflagration had erupted, to emergency responders.
The fraternity or sorority badge is an enduring symbol of membership in a Greek letter organization. Most fraternities also have assumed heraldic achievements.
Members of fraternities and sororities address members of the same organization as "brother" in the case of fraternities or "sister" in the case of sororities.
There are a few exceptions to this general rule, as in the case of the fraternities Triangle , Acacia , and Seal and Serpent. There are approximately 9 million student and alumni members of fraternities and sororities in North America, or about 3 percent of the total population.
Roughly , of the current fraternity and sorority members are students who belong to an undergraduate chapter. A survey conducted at Princeton University showed that white and higher income Princeton students are much more likely than other Princeton students to be in fraternities and sororities.
Since , 63 percent of members of the United States cabinet have been members of fraternities and sororities, and the current chief executive officers of five of the ten largest Fortune companies are members of fraternities and sororities.
In addition, 85 percent of all justices of the U. Supreme Court since have been members of fraternities. Bush , George H. Three Prime Ministers of Canada have been members of fraternities.
Currently about 25 percent of members of the U. House of Representatives and 40 percent of members of the U. Senate are members of Greek-letter organizations.
Other notable sorority women include Mariska Hargitay , who is an actress and founder of the Joyful Heart Foundation. One reason for this is many chapters require their members to maintain a certain academic standard.
There is a high representation of former Greek life members among certain elites in the United States.
Greek members "are more likely to be thriving in their well-being and engaged at work than college graduates who did not go Greek," according to a study done by Gallup and Purdue University.
A Gallup survey of 30, university alumni found that persons who said they had been members of Greek-letter organizations while undergraduates reported having a greater sense of purpose, as well as better social and physical well-being, than those who had not.
Greek letter organizations have often been characterized as elitist or exclusionary associations, organized for the benefit of a largely white, upper-class membership base.
Members of fraternities and sororities disproportionately come from certain socio-economic demographics, which perpetuates an unhealthy divisiveness within the student body based on ethnicity and income and a perpetuation of patterns of exclusivity and privilege.
New York Times columnist Frank Bruni questioned the existence of exclusive clubs on campuses that are meant to facilitate independence, writing: How is that served by retreating into an exclusionary clique of people just like you?
Some colleges and universities have banned Greek letter organizations on the grounds that they are, by their very nature and structure, elitist and exclusionary.
The oldest ban was at Princeton Leitch , though Princeton has now had fraternities since the s. One Harvard University study found that "4 out of 5 fraternity and sorority members are binge drinkers.
In comparison, other research suggests 2 out of 5 college students overall are regular binge drinkers. Hazing during the pledge period can sometimes culminate in an event commonly known as "Hell Week" in which a week-long series of physical and mental torments are inflicted on pledges.
Common hazing practices include sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation, paddling and other types of spanking, use of stress positions , forced runs, busy work , forced drinking, and mind games.
Rarer incidents involving branding , enemas , urination on pledges, and the forced consumption of spoiled food have been reported. Hazing in many cases has been reported and has led to the permanent disposal of particular chapters of fraternities and sororities across the country.
Supporters of fraternities note that hazing is almost universally prohibited by national fraternity organizations, and the occurrence of hazing in undergraduate fraternity chapters goes against official policy.
Supporters of fraternities also note that hazing is not unique to Greek-letter organizations and is often reported in other student organizations, such as athletic teams.
In , an anti-hazing hotline was set up to report incidents of hazing on college campuses. Currently, 46 national fraternity and sorority organizations support the toll-free number, which generates automatic email messages regarding hazing and sends them to the national headquarters directly from the National Anti-Hazing Hotline.
Critics of Greek-letter organizations assert that they create a culture of nepotism in later life, while supporters have applauded them for creating networking opportunities for members after graduation.
A report by Bloomberg found that fraternity connections are influential in obtaining lucrative employment positions at top Wall Street brokerages.
According to the report, recent graduates have been known to exchange the secret handshakes of their fraternities with executives whom they know are also members to obtaining access to competitive appointments.
Studies show that fraternity men are three times more likely to commit rape than other men on college campuses. Nicholas Syrett, a professor of history at the University of Northern Colorado , has been a vocal critic of the evolution of fraternities in the 20th century.
Syrett has stated that "fraternal masculinity has, for at least 80 years, valorized athletics, alcohol abuse and sex with women.
Researchers such as Matthew W. Hughey has linked racism in Greek life to persons experiencing microaggressions , fewer opportunities to use the networking system built into Greek life, and the use of harmful stereotypes.
According to research one in five women experience sexual assault while in college  Another study found that more than one third of alleged rapes take place after fraternity events or in fraternity houses  A research article studied campus demographics and reported rapes and found that campuses that report more rapes have more fraternity men, athletes and liquor violations .
Seabrook, Ward and Giaccardi conducted research to try and understand why fraternity membership is associated with greater perpetration and acceptance of sexual violence.
This article also mentions that once reported the perpetrator receives little to no consequences for their actions. Many times the biggest consequence for the perpetrator of sexual violence is to get kicked out of school; however it is easy for them to get accepted into another University.
Jozkowski and Martinez mention the lack of resources on college campuses for victims of rape. Colleges and Universities vary with the type of resources they provide their students; it is argued that larger campuses may have more reported rapes due to providing more resources.
In this article Jozkowski and Martinez also suggest that colleges and universities provide more resources to students.